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Syntax of integer lists


Integer lists consist of a sequence of strings separated by commas:

       <i>strn1</i>,<i>strn2</i>,...

Each of the   strn1, strn2, …   can assume one of the following forms:

  1. a single integer or algebraic expression

  2. two integer expressions separated by a colon, viz
    low:high
    gets expanded into
    low, low+1, low+2, ... high

  3. Three integer expressions separated by colons, viz
    low:high:step
    gets expanded into:
    low, low+step, low+2*step, ... high

  4. (Extension, not always applicable). The dup tag
    dup=#
    duplicates the entire list to this point, adding  #  to each of the duplicate elements. The list up to the current point doubles in size.

  5. (Extension, not always applicable). The seq tag
    seq=#1,#2,#3,...
    is similar to dup, with the following modifications:

    1. The existing list is replicated and shifted for each of the #1, #2, #3, .
    2. The shift is constructed so that the first element of the the duplicated list begins at #1, the second at #2, etc.

    The size of the list thus increases by a factor n, n being the number of integers in #1,#2,#3,....

    If you want to continue the list after seq=#1,#2,#3,… , delimit this string with a semicolon (see the mlist example below).

Examples

  5+1             becomes a single number, 6.
  5+1:8+2         becomes a sequence of numbers, 6 7 8 9 10
  5+1:8+2:2       becomes a sequence of numbers, 6 8 10
  1:4,7:11        becomes the sequence 1 2 3 4  7 8 9 10 11

  5,6,dup=16,8    becomes the sequence 5 6  21 22  8

  7:9:2,seq=16,25 becomes the sequence 7 9  16 18  25 27

The mlist utility

The Questaal suite comes with a utility mlist that enables you to enter a list on the command line and see how it is expanded. mlist normally performs a corresponding function for real numbers (capabilities 1,2,3 but not 4,5); but if you invoke mlist with  -i  it will generate an integer list according to all five rules explained above.

Example using mlist:

mlist -i '0,dup=2,seq=10,20;dup=100,seq=1000'

doubles the initial list (0), then trebles the new list to make 6 elements (seq=10,20), doubles it again (dup=100), and doubles it once more to make the following list of 24 elements:

 0 2 10 12 20 22 100 102 110 112 120 122 1000 1002 1010 1012 1020 1022 1100 1102 1110 1112 1120 1122

Note:  slatsm/mkilst.f contains the source code for generating integer lists.